C || || || || || || || || || || Գ || || || ||
/ / . / / 㳿 / / / /
→ 
.. Ī. ̳ Ѳ , 1967 -

̲

1

. . 683, on. 1, . 5,24- 2

. . . - л, 1960, ? 1, 192-194. 3

. . . . . 1917-1923 .. ͳ. ˳, 1951 - 1957 .. ( ). - , 1958, I; . . . ͳ . ., 1960. 4

, , , (1918-1923 ..) *. ˳, 1951-1956 .. - , 1957, 4, 5; ˳ , , , , . , 1951-1958 .. ., 1959; . . . 1917-1923 .. (). - л, 1957, 4; . . . 1917-1919 .. ( ). - . 1957, 2;

. . . ( , 1950-1957 ..). - , 1958, 3.

4 . . . . . ., . 31, 93. 4

. 㳺. . ., 1957; . . - 1917-1918 .. ., 1960; . . . 1848-1918 .. ., 1958; . . . . . - ( ) - . - *, . 88. , 1957, . 6; . -. 1917-1921 .. ( ). - 𳿻, 1957, ? 11; . - . 1917-1918 .. ( . ). - , JV? 257. , . 47, 1959;

. . . . ., 1957; . . . ., 1960 6

. , . 1-2. ., 1958. 1

. -. ( ). - ѻ, 1959,

6; . 1917 . - , 1960, 2; . . . -. - , 1963, 5; . . . ͳ . - ͳ . . ., 1962; . . . ( ). - л, 1962, ʲ 1; . . . () 1918 . - , 1960, 4; . . . ̳ . - ѻ, 1960, ? 5; . . 1917 -

1918 .. - 𳿻, 1947, ? 10. 8

. . , . 1. 1914-1918 .. ., 1936; . . ˳ - . ., 1959; . . . - ͳ ( 1914- 1918 .). ., 1960; . . . . 1865-1918 .. ., 1960; . . . 볿 . ., 1961; . . ʳ. 볿 1914 - 1917 .. ., 1962; . . . 1917-1920 .. ., 1959; . . -. ͳ. ., 1962, . . , . . . - '. ., 1958. 8

. . . . . (1917-1918 ..). - ³ , 8, , , . 2. ., 1960; . . . , 1917 . - 𳿻, 1955, N? 4; . . . . - , 1954. 4; . . -. () 1917 . - ѻ, 1966, 6; . . .

. . ' ( - 1917 .). - ѻ, 1960, N? 2. 10

. . . 1917 . ., 1964; . . . . ., 1960; . . . ( 1917 - 1918 .). , 1957; 1917 . , 3-5 1962 . . ., 1964, 308-316; 330; . . . . , 1958, 88-91. 11

. .

⳿. , 1957; . . . ϳ- ( 1917 . - 1918 .). , 1958; . . . (1917 .). ., 1953; . . . . - , . 56; . . - . . - 𳿻, 1960, ; . . ., 1965; . . . , 1961; . . . . 1917 . - 1918 8- 쳿 . ., 1965. 12

. . . . '-

, . . ., 1927; . . ., 1946. 13

. . . . - 𳿻, 1963, 5; . . 1917 . (). ., 1924; . . . , . - 𳿻, . 10. ., 1956.

. . . . . 14

л, I960, 4. 15

. . . . ( 𳿻, 1948, 2), 1917 . . 䳿 . ( -, 1927, Ni 5).

. . . ( ѻ, 1965, Ni 6), , , . . . ҳ (., 1957); . . 1917-1918 . (, 1957); . . - (1900-1917) (., 1904).

1965 . '

. . 1917 ., , . . . - ̳ ,

. . . . ( ).

볿 ,

(. . , 1966 . 70- . . ̳ ( ). 18

. . . . ., 1962; . . . Գ (1914-1917 . .). ., 1960.

, . . , 1917 ., 䳿 . ' , 1917 . . , , - - 20- 30- , . .

'- 񳺿 . 糿 . . ( , 1957, 2). 19

, , 1916-1919 ... () 1928 . , 1917 . - .

, , . Sisson. One Hundred Red Days. New Haven, 1931; G. at ko w. German Foreign Office Documents of Financial Support to the Bolsheviks in 1917. - International Affairs. London, April, 1956; A. Moo rehead. The Russian Revolution. New York , 1958.

SOa F. Fischer. Griff nach der Weltmacht. Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914/18. *

, , . . . . л, I960, N * 5. 22

. .  , 13-16 1964 (., 1964). 21

. I z I . Lenin in 1917. Die Geburt der Revolution aus dem Kriege. Munchen, 1967, S.. 76.

1

. . e . . . ., . 34, 11. 2

. . . , . 2. ., 1957, 246. I

. . . . . ., . 31, . 89. 4

, . 351. . 10. . 29586. . 1. 5

ͳ . 25 30 1957 ͳ . ., I960, 282-283. 6

. . . . . .. . 31. 170. 7

() (). (). 1917 . . ., 1958, 241-243, 248-250, 253-258. 8

( - 1917 .) . . .. 1957, 16. 9

. . . , 1917 . - 𳿻, 1955, 4, 125. Russische Korrespondenz Prawda . Hcrausgegeben von der auslandischen Vertretung des Zentralkomit-tees des Russ. Soc.-Dem. Arbeiterpartei (Bolschewiki ).

-, 0 W. Gallacher. Revolt on the Clyde. An Autobiography. London, 1949, p. VII.

| 0 . 25 1967II

. . . . . ., . 31, 187.12

. . ͳ. 1917 - 1918 ., 1957, 44, 66.

, S . . ʳ. 볿, 1914 - 1917 .. ., 1962, 313.

"IJ , . 1470, on. 1, . 370, . 560-561.15

W. G 11 h . Op. cit., . 197.

, E Demain, 1917, N 6, . 67. . .: . . ͳ . ̳ . - , . XVII, 1957, 121.17

, 1919, 7-8, 1167 - 1168.18 .: . . . ̳ . - ѻ, I960, 5, 142. , - .19

. . . . . ., . 34, 272.20

ͳ ..., - . . 1917 ( . ., . 31, 93). () () 24 . . , ͳ ( . ., . 31 , 341).

. . : ͳ ົ

". , "

ͳ . ., 1923, 90.22

², . 2000, on. 1, . 922, . 105; II. . . ͳ - 1917 . - , 1957, 1, 140.23

Statistik der Deutschen Reichs. Bd. 290. Streiks und Aussperrun-gen in den Jahren 1917, 1918 und 1919 . Berlin. 1920, S. 5.24

. . ͳ . ., I960, 125. , . . , . , 300 . (, 21 1917 .).25

. . . ̳ ͳ 1916-1917 .. ( . ij.), ., 1955. . 189.

; Jugend-Internationale. N 10, 1.10.1917.

27 . . . ., 143; Verhandlungen des Reichstags. Legislaturperiode 13. Session 2. Bd. 310. Berlin, 1917, S. 3595; . .. 1933, 174-175.88

. . . ͳ. .,1962,

. 27.29

, . ⳿.

. --, ϳ, . ( . . II. ., 1959, 262; . . . (-) 1917 . - , 1960, .4 4, 39).30

, . II, 262; ⳿, . I. ., 1963, 676; . . , 1848-1918. ., 1958, 193; , 20, 22 191731

, 2, 28-29 1917 ., . . . . ., 43, 45; . . . ., . 195.33

𳿻, . I. ., 1954, 521-522.34

⳿, . I, 675; , 1917

85 Economic and Social History of the World War. Turkish Series.

A. Emir Turkey in the World War. New Haven, 1930, pp. 261 - 262.38

.: Statistique des greves survenues pendant les annees 1915-1916-1917-1918. Paris, 1921, pp. 296-297. 180 182 . . . , . I. ., 1936, 99 . . . ( . - 1917 , ( - ). ., 1958. . . - .37

-. . . ., 143.38

, 21-22 191739

. . , . 1. 1914-1918 .. ., 1936, 184. 25 , ˳ , , , -, , , -, - 40

쳿 1917 . . - ., 1934, 229-232.41

. . 159.

, Fourrier. L'Offenslve du 16 Avrll 1917. Paris. 1921,-p. 40.43

. . ʳ. 볿 1914 - 1917 . .. ., 1962, 299, 313, 316-318, 337; ,21

191744

볿. 476-1918 *. ., 1959, 381.43

. . . , - 𳿻, 1957, Ns 3, 126 - 127; . 볿 *. ., 1961, 258-263.48

A. Bing. War-Time Strikes and their Adjustment. New York, 1934, p. 293. 50 . , , , 24 . (. . . . ., 143). 1917 . - , -, ѳ ( , . I. ., 1960, 478; . . . (1877-1918). ., 1956, 524; The Weekly People, 21.7.1917; 4.8.1917).47

. . . - 𳿻, 1955. 7, 70-72.44

. . . (1877-1918), 529-530.49

. . . . 1914-1918 .. ( . .). ., 1954, 148-149; * (;,6

191750

, , , , . -, , , , - , 1 (14) *. 8 (21) . 18 (1 ) . 60 . , . !, !, !

, , . , .

18 (I ) 㳿 ( , . 406, . 6, . 454, . 36-37; , 11. 22, 23 1917 .; (), 27 1917; , 20-22 1917

.; . . . . ., 115).51

, 24 191752

, 19 1917; . . - ̳ . ., 1957, 4.53

볿. ., 1962. . 260 -261.14

. . .: D. . m . Bal Gungadhar Tialc, A study, Bombay, 1956, p. 263.55

. . . . . ., . 32, . 54.56

3. . . ͳ ( 1914- 1917). .. 1957. . 373; . ij. ³ ͳ . ., 1936, 86.

J? Arbeiter Zeitung, 22.4.1917; Reichspost, 23.4.1917.58

, . II, 258-259.59

.60

쳿 1917 . - ., 1934, 16.61

ò, . , 1917 ., . 35, . 134-213; . ʳ. . ., . 288.62

. . - ., 1934, 83.

w , 72.64

, , . Pollitt. Serving My Time. An Apprenticeship to Polities. London. 1950. p. 84; W. Gallacher. Op. cit .. p. 198; , 174; R. Luxemburg. Bricfe an Frcude. Hamburg. 1950, S. 157; . p . , - ^ , 1934, 20-21, 49; ' 1917-1919 . . - . 1957. . 12; . , 1904-1923 .., . II. , 1955, . 471 44

. . . ͳ. ., 1962, 60.

* 26166

. .: . . . . ., 121.

10 . *17

- ' 1917-1919. . 12.

. . . 볿 , 253.69

. . . . ., . 311.70

. . . ., 196-1. . 643.71

, . 1470. on. I. . 370. . 2 .; (),8

191772

. . . ., 1930, 26.73

. . . . ., . 90. .74

. . 91.75

Berner Tagwacht. 3.5.1917.78

, . 7384, . 9. . 157, . 9-11.

77 . .: . . . 볿 , 255.

74 , 256.79

IJ , . 1358, . 1, . 1785, . 94; (). 27 1917.

85 . . . . ., . 313.81

. .: . . . -. - 䳺 糿 ,1963.

X? 5. . 89. .

.82

, II 191788

. ̳ . , . I. .,1924,

. 92.

84 W. G 11 h . Op. cit., . 138.81

. ., 1917, 6.

w . . . - ͳ ( 1914 . - 1918

.). . .. I960, 209.87

. 28 191788

. . . . - л, 1962, 1. . 192.89

IJ . . 1278, on. 1. . 135G, . 92-93.90

, . 406, . 6. . 454, . 118.91

IJ , . 1278, . 5. . 1350. . 95.92

, . II, 262.93

⳿, . I, 676.94

, 2 191795

. . . . ., . 73; . . . ., . 53.

Roter Oktober 1917. Wie deutsche Arbeiter und Soldaten das Sturmjahr der Weltenwende erlebten . Berlin, 1957, S. 10.97

. . p . . .. . 72.98

, . II, 270; IJ . . 1358, on. 1, . 1786, . 81.99

Nya Dagligt Allehanda 7 , , , ' ( , . 406, . 6, . 454, . 40).Eli - Aftonbladet. 8

1917 (, . 716. . 2. . 175. . 348).100

IJ . . 1358. on. 1, . 1785, . 60; . . . 볿 , 269. 271-275.101

St. Graubard. British Labour and the Russian Revolution, 1917-1924. Cambridge, 1956, pp. 36-40.102

-ֳ ' 1917-1919. . 12.103

Arbeiter Zeitung, 22.3.1917.

1 . . 406. . 6, . 452, . 99-103.105

. . . ., . 66.

( Roter Oktober 1917. Wie deutsche Arbeiter und Soldaten das Sturmjahr der Weltenwende erlebten *. S. 72.

107 A. E. . . ., . 88; . . ʳ. . ., . 312.

- The Call . 12.4.1917.

1W Spartakusbriefe, Bd. II. Berlin. 1926, S. 66.110

Zur Geschichte der Koinmunistischen Partd Deutschlands. Eine Ausmahl von Materialien und Dokumenten aus den Jahren 1914 - 1946 . Berlin, 1955, S. 34.111

Spartakusbriefe, Bd. II, S. 89.112

Revolutionary Radicalism. Its History, Purpose and Tactics . Albany, 1920. vol. I. p. 1073.113

. 30 1917

" IJ . . 1525, on. 1. . 927, . 34.1,5

Roter Oktober 1917. Wie deutsche Arbeiter und Soldaten das Sturmjahr der Weltenwende erlebtcn , S. 7.110

, 14 1917

"7 . . 7484. . 9. . 31. . 1-2.

m 򳿻. . ., I960, 137.119

. . . , 1961, 186.

1

, 1919. 10. . 1489.2

, . 418. on. 1, . 24650, . 62.9

IJ . . 1358, on. 1. . 1779, . 43-44; . . ³ , . 4. ., 1936, 371; Temps, 27.3.1917; ³ , 21 1917 . ' . , , [. . . . - ( - 1917 .), .. 1966, 126].4

IJ , . 1358, on. I, . 1779, . 36; Parliamentry Debates. House of Commons , 5 ser. 1917, col. 2085; , 14 1917;

³ , 10 1917; . . ʳ. 볿, 1914-1917 .. ., 962, 299-300.

? * , . , . 925, . I, . 70-70 .-

. , - . , 31 <13 ) 񳿻 16

(³ . 5 1917.). . - , , , ̳, , (IJ , . 1278, on. 5. . 1350, . 46, 48, 51 , 56, 57, 108; . 1370, . 232, 286, 293, 294, 301, 303).7

. . ͳ - 1917 . .. 1917, 51; ³ . 22 19178

. BeneS. Souvenirs de Guerre et de Revolution (1914-1918). La lutte pour l'independance des peuples, vol. I. Paris, 1928, pp. 327-328.-

ABI1P, . . 1917 ., . 71, . I, . 271.10

, . 314. . . . . - ., 1923. . 371, 401, 403, 409, 414.11

, . . 1917 ., . 35, . 224.12

F. Maurice. Lessons of Allied Cooperation: naval, militar \ and air, 1914-1918. London, 1942, p. 87.

18 , 1927, . 5 (XXIV), 124.

'? IJ , . 1358, on. I, . 1781, . 13.

15 . . ., . 4, 255; . . . ., 1942, 84; . . , 1917 ., . 3. . I, . 164, 169; . , ³, . 189, . II. . 8. 198; IJ . . 1358, on. 1. . 1781, . 7; . . , on. 1, . 315, . I, . 148; ; '1927, . 5 (XXIV), 117, 118. 121, 128, 131, 132, 135, 136;

. . . ., 1917, 5, 13; . '. . ..1925,

. 212, 213

18 . . ˳-. 1914-1918 .. ., 1935. . 116.

, , . 20 1917 - 126.5 23,5 ; - - -139,5 3; - 35; -18

(², . 2000, on. 1. . 1066, . 12).17

, . , 1917 .. . 3. . I. . 253.

. .: . . . Գ (1914-1917). ., 1960.

451-453, 468. 498. 500. 볺 : ( - ...), . 2. .. 1957, 585, 588. 589, 594. 5%, 597, 629, 646, 652. . : . . . ³ , 볿 . - . 1955. 3, 153.18

, . . 1917 ., . , . I, . 223.19

,

̳ . . ., 1924, 309, 331. . .: . . , . ., 1946; . . - . . ., 1966.20

. . . 1917, . 97, . II, . 598.21

. . , 1917 ., . 925, . I, . 72 .22

̳ . - , 1928, . 5 (XXX); Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V. vol. 2. Paris. 1937, annexes I, p. 52-53, 83, 88,> 104, 105, 124,

226, 247; Journal d'Alexander Ribot et correspondences, in6dites, 1914-1922. Paris, 1936. p. 78; H. . . . - . ., 1946. . 81; , 1928, 5 (XXX), 32, 82;A.

Knox. With the Russian Armv. 1914-19i7, vol. II. New York, 1921. p. 629.23

. '. . ., . 233-245; . . ³ , . 5. ., 1938, 65.24

. . . ., . 51-52; *, . 2, 391; , . , 1917 .,

. 71. . 422: . 84. . II .. 282. W. Williams. American-Russian Relations. 1781 - 1947. New York - Toront - Rinehart, 1952, p 86-87.25

', ( - ... ), . I. ., 19,

. 327.26

, . , , 1917 ., . 3. . I, . 198.77

. . . - ( - 1917 .). .. 1966, 140; . . ̳. , . I. . .. 1967, 902.23

ò, . , 1917 ., . 71, . I, . 441 .29

, . 35, . 128.30

, . , 1917 .. . 925, . I, . 72.

J * Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States * ( - Papers Relating ... ). The Lansing Papers. 1914-1920. vol. II. Washington. 1940, p. 328.32

Jules Legras. Memoires de Russie. Paris, 1921, p. 199.33

IJ , . 1470. on. I, . 370, . 525.34

, . ³ . 1917 ., . 552, . 32.35

D. Francis. From the American Embassy. New York, 1921, p. 92. M Papers Relating ... Russia, 1918, vol. II. Washington, 1932, p. 198.

" ̳ *, 308.

. '. . .. . 198.

, . I. .. 1925, 468-470;

. , . , 1917 ., . 925. . 1, . 83-84 .40

. . , 1917 .. . 685, . 14, 24, 31, 32, 34.

38, 49. 60-61; . , 1917 ., . 141, . 70-70 .;

, 23 1917 5 (18) (, . , 1917 .. . 685, . 78).41

. -. 1917. . , . I. . 151.42

ò, . . 1917 ., . 71, . I. . 344.43

Le Temps *. 26.3.1917.44

, . , 1917 ., . 61, . 74. ' , (- , 16 1917 .).45

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I. Washington, 1931, pp. 7,28.46

1, . . 1917. . 61, . 91.47

, . 6, . 2, . 1, . 4. . 49.48

. . . 1915-1917 .., . 21, . 16.49

, . 15.50

. - , 1927, . 1 (XX), 8-9.51

, 9.62

. . . . . ., . 49, 418-419.

65 , 5 1917

$ 4 1917 . . .. 1957, . 11-20.64

, 1927, . I (XX), 11 - 12; . . . . ., . 18-19.84

. h m a s. La situation en Russie. Paris, 1917. p. 13.

67 , . ³ . > 1917 ., . 552, . 19, 29, 32

. 30 191769

. n es. Op. cit., vol. I, p. 331 ..60

. Shelton. President Wilson and the Russian Revolution, vol. 23, N 3, march 1957. Buffalo, p. 112.

". , . (. ., . 358-359, 370 - 371, 384, 392, 396. 397, 424). , , , .

, .42

. . . ., . 198, 203, 211; . . . ., . 356, 396, 407.

IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1787, . 50.

. . . ., 1922, 405-406.45

. . . .. . 356, 394; . '. . .. 209;

44 . '. . ., . 211.

. . . .. . 403; . '. . ., . 16 .

54 , . . . . .. . 408 -409.

w . . . . ., . 22-23.70

. . ̳. (1859-1917 ..). . 11. -, 1955. . 351.71

. . . . . ., . 31. . 324.72

, 22 1917

71 , , 1917 ., . 71, . I. . 339.

74 IJ . . 1525, on. 1. . 927. . 27.71

IJ . . 1358, on. 1. . 1788. . 82.

74 1. . ³ . 1917. . 552, . 2. 5 .,8

.. 56. 60.77

. . . . ., . 27; . . . . ., . 150-157.74

, 1927. 5. . 150.79

. . . . . .. . 32. . 366.40

. . . 1917 . - , 53. ѻ, . 7. . 107-119; . . (1917 .). ., 1953; . . . ϳ- ( 1917- 1918 .). . 1958; . . ⳿. . 1957; . . . , 1961; . . . ϳ . ., 1957, 41

. . , ' 볿, , 볿. . ( . ., . 32, 365). 16 () , 쳿 ... ( ... , . I. 358); ...,- , VI ' (),-' , ( . 391).

4 * R. Warth. The Allies and the Russian Revolution. Durham. 1954, pp. 95, 110 etc.; Ed. H. Carr. The Bolshevik Revolution. 1917 -

1923. vol. I. London, 1950. pp. 90-91; G. Ken nan. Russia leaves the War. Princeton, 1956. p. 23; A. Moorehead. The Russian Revolutions. New York, 1958, p. 200; W. W 111 a in s. Op. cit., p. 93.41

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V, vol. 2. Paris. 1937, anexes I. p. 226.

44 .44

. . 247.44

. . . ., . 5. . 65.

* 7 . . . 쳿 1917 . - л, I960. 4. . 129.

. . . . . ., . 32. . 256.89

, . , 1917 .. . 71. . II. . 629; . ³

, 1917 ., . 38. . 27.

w , . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 106 ., 108-110, III .

> ². . 2031, on. I. . 97. . 154. 173-175, 193. 196, 208; . 2067. on. 1, . 2974. . 57. 59, 60, 65, 68, . 123. 133; . . . - 1917 . ., 1958.

194; . . . . ., . 76.92

. S h 11 n. Op. cit .. . 112.93

R, W t h. Op. cit., p. 95.

IJ . . 1358. on. I, . 1785, . 53.

9:1 . - . ', . . - , (IJ , . 1525, . I, . 927, . 25 .) ' Daily Telegraph (265.1917). . ³ 쳿 , 5-6' 1917

** . Vandervelde. Three Aspects of the Russian Revolution. London. 1918, pp. 134. 138, 141.

91 F. e n es. Op. cit., vol. I. p. 356.

M Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. 1, pp. 142-143.99

' , . II. . - .. 1931, 36.100

², . 2067, on. 1. . 2974. . 154.101

- 1917 . . . ., 1959, 373.

- * Daily Mail , 3.7.1917.103

, . II. ., 1959,

. 571, 640 . ʳ 2 1917 ( 1917 . . . .. 1959. . 385).104

. 5 1917106

. 6 1917

10 * Jules L g a s. Op. cit., . 212.1,7

Samuel N. Harper. The Russia J believe in. The memoires n Samuel N. Harper. 1902-1941. Chicago, 1945, p. 100.

, 0 * H. . . . ., 1.36; . . . - 1917 ., 190; . ³ . 볿

( - 1917 .) - , 1955, 3. . 150-151; . . . . ., . 32;

. . . Գ , 468-469 -109 . . . . .. . 32; . . . . .. . 136.

1,0 *, . 2, 549.111

², . 2000. . , . 6122, . 390; . 6142, . 339; . 6237. . 462.112

IJ , . 1525, on. 1, . 596; , . 2, 183.1.8

. . . . ., 136; . . . - 1917 ., 182.1.4

². . 369, on. I, . 292, . 2-3 .. 18 ., 19 ., 22 . . 21. . 123, . 187.1.5

, . 2, 169-175.116

A. Knox. Op. cit., vol. II, pp. 636, 641; . '. . ., . 2, 245.117

. . Op. cit., . 636.

², . 2003, on. 1, 1181, . 111.1.9

², 2069, on. I, . 300, . 585.

120 ². . 2069, on. 1, . 223, . 297.

181 ², . 2003, on. 1, . 1181, . 111.122

². . 2069, on. 1, . 96, . 992; . 101, . 466; . , . 89; . 223, . 297.123

IJ , . 1525, on. 1, . 514, . 176.124

². . 2003, on. 1. . 1211, . 58.125

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V. vol. 2. Paris. 1936, p. 261.126

H. . . . ., 134-135; . . . 1917 ., 200 202. . . , - (, . , 1917 ., 71. . I. . 524-524 .).127

². . 2003. on. I. . 1211. . 47.

12s Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V. vol. 2. p. 302.

m H. . . . ., 134.130

, 135.

181 ..., . I, 391.

, --, , , , 2 1917

³ , , . , . , '. 䳿 , ͳ 1917 . , . ³ . 躠

ͳ (Germany and the Revolution in

Russia, 1915-1918. Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Ministry ed. by Z. A. Zeman *. London - New York - Toronto, 1958, pp. 30-31).

? Verhandlungen des Reichstags. Legislaturperiode. 13. Session 2. Bd. 309, Stenographische Berichte. Berlin, 1917, S. 2774, 2936 - 2971.

134 F. Fischer. Griff nach der Weltmacht. Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914/18, DQsseldorf, 1962. S. 491.

, J6 ; , . . ., 1955, 646.

| . . .-., 1923, 158.117

IJ , . 1358, on. 1. . 1781, . 27 .

| . Mears. Modern Turkey. A politico-economic interpretation, 1908-1923 inclusive, with selected chapters by representative authorities. New York. 1924, p. 512-513

- ², . 2003, on. 1. . 1236, . 2 ., 6-6 ., 7-11, 24, 42-43: , . , 1917 ., . 97. . 1, . 204; ³ , 3 1917; ,18

1917140

Germany and the Revolution in Russia, 1915-198, p. 60.141

. . , . . ., . 34, 193.142

. . . . . ., . 31, 364 -375.

4 , 373.144

. >. Op. cit., vol. I. p. 457.145

P. ó . . ͳ 1914-1918 .. . . 2. ., 1938, 159; . . . . ( ). ., 1955, 134, 137-138.146

, . . 1917 ., . 84, . II, . 294.147

, . 281.148

, . 284.

144 06 30 (12 ) - (. . , 1917 ., . 84, . I, . 225).150

. . , 130-132, 138, 147.151

, 180.

, , 161.

151 Sixte de Bourbon prince. L'offre de paix separee de 1'Autri-che. Paris, 1920, pp. 64-80; A. E. . 1917 .. . 154-156.

1 , . 406, on. 6, . 451, . 34; . . ʳ . ., . 327-329.

" , 329-330.156

, . . 1917 ., . 35, 306, 312, 342.157

. . ˳-. . 1914-1918 .. ., 1935. . 255; United States Army in the World War, 1917-1919. Training and use of American unites with British and French . Washington, 1948; IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1784, . 34.

w A. h . 1914-1918 .., . 3, . 2. .. 1938, 116.

1 . . , . III. ., 1939, 49.

190 , , 18 (I ) 1917 ³ - ( ' ), . . , , -. - , . . , , ͳ . ³ - (, . , 1917 ., . 71, . I, . 315).

162

161

164

ICS

 

167

ɠ

16

. . . (1914-1917 ..) ( . ij.). .. 1953, 242-243.

. ³ . (VS amat . The United States and East Central Europe, 1914-1918. A Study in Wilsonian diplomacy and Propaganda. Princeton, 1957, p. 99).

̳ 19 (23) 1917 , , , . ,  , 䳻 (. . , 1917 ., . 925. . I, . 94). . 31 1917

. . . . . ., . 32, 256.

. . . , 1961, 135.

. . . . . (- 1917 .). ., 1962, 17. , 2 1917 .: . . . . ., . 144-145.

, 볿 - : ͳ , ̳ 2 糿 ³ 1 2 糿. ֳ - 20 (², . 366, on. 1, . 267, . 153). , .

170

171

II - . ͳ , . 3. on. I, . 315, . 1, . 141).

, 볿 ; (², . 366, on. I, . 67, . 153).

. . . I, 457.172

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V vol. 2. Paris, 1937, p. 14.173

, 24 1917

: 7 <, . , 1917 ., . 84, . I, . 276.175

, . . 1917 ., . 98, . I, . 203; . . , . 3. . . 1917, 9-10.176

. . . ., . 10.

m , 9-10.

171 , 10.

179 , 12. - -

1

. ...,

. I, 354-367; ϻ, 1-4, 16-18, 21 1917; , 1927, 6/651, . 229 - 230.

? . . . . . ., . 32, 370-372. ( . ., . 32, 298).3

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V, vol. 2, p. 14; . ... . ., 1959, . II, . 435.4

. .: . II. ' 1917 . - ., 1964, 45-122.5

1917 . . , ., 1959, 31.-

, 295.

7 . 11 1917*

, . . . . ., . 34. . 29

.10

..., . I. . 394.11

, , , , , , , . . . , .2

1917 . , X? 337, 340, 344, 354, 355, 369, 372, 382, 385. V ' - (), VI ' (). ' .11

1917 .. .-, 1927, .14 . . . . . ., . 32, 370.15

, 20 , 3 191714

- 1917 . . . .. 1959, 74, 97-98, 107, 111-112. 183-184. 192 17

², . 2003, on. 1. .! 211. . 22.

- - , . , 1917 ., . 73, . 15.15

, . 1000, on. 1, . 309, . 17.30

, 1920, Nt 14, 2804.

21 , 1919, 10, 1489 -1490.

21 , . 418, . 2. . 175, . 522.

w Vorwarts. 27.7.1917. - ' , . -. , .34

Stenographische Prolokolle uber die Sitzungen des Hauses den Abgeordneten des Osterreichischen Reichsrates ..., Wien, 1917, S. 751.

21 A. E. . - 1917 ., V . . . 1917 . - , . 38.26

. . . , 1865 - 1918. ., I960, 525.27

, , , . 1917 . (- ), 볿 - -. . 1 (14) ͳ . .

2 * . . . . . ., . 36. . 530.

M X. . . .. 1959, 27. IJ . . 1358, . I, . 1793. . 16; L'Humanite *. 17.8.1917.30

볿 *. ., 1959, 382.31

. . . ͳ - 1917 . - -, 1957. 1. . 143-114.

, -. . . 4 (17) 5 (18) . (. . ͳ . .. 1960, 149-151, ͳ 1917 .).

, - . ͳ (Illust-rierte Geschichte der Deutschen Revolution. Berlin, 1929, S. 517).94

, -, . . : . . . 1917 . {. .], . 35-67; . . . - 1917-1918 .. ʳ . ., 1950, 23-41; . . . . ., . 216-217; 3. . . ͳ , 588-595 34

. . . . . ., . 34, 385.35

' , . . ( , . II. ., 1959, 271).

.37

𳿻, . I. , 1954, 521; *. 29 3-4 1917

IJ . . 1358, on. 1, . 1793, . 24.39

(), 29 191740

, . 418, . 2, . 175, . 516.41

..., . I, 394.42

. . . , '. ( 1917-1920 ..). ., 1958, 6.43

. , . II, ill.41

Russische Korrespondenz Prawda *. Herausgegeben von der aus-landischen Vertretung des Zentralkommittees der S. D. Arbeiterparti Russlands (Bolschewiki), Stockholm, 4.7; 3.8.1917.45

Russische Korrespondenz Prawda , 24.6; 3.8.1917 46

IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1793,. . 4.47

, . 17, on. 1, . 92, . 71.

** . . . . . ., . 49, 445-451. : . . () 1917 . - ѻ, 1966. X? 6.49

, 449.50

Russische Korrespondenz Prawda , 14.6.1917.51

: . . . . ., 37.

. . . ͳ . ., 1962, 76.53

, 77.54

(), 2 1917

, Leipziger Volkszeitung 2 , -, , ' (IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1793, . 45).93 . . . . 1918-1929 .. .. 1956, 23-24.57

. . 6- . . ., 1946, 51.58

, 11 191759

The Call, . 12. 7.1917.60

. . . . ., 1961, 311. , .61

. . ʳ. 볿 1914-1917 .. .. 1962, 342.62

. . , 1917 ., . 35, . 368. . . ó ' .63

, . ³ , 1917 ., . 174, . 127. Avanti * 6.7.1917.

6 <. .: . . ʳ. . ., . 343.

6S . . ʳ. . ., . 346-348; , . , 1917 ., . 35, . 395.

** , 1920, 14, 9804.

67 Russische Korrespondenz Prawda , 22.8.1917. : . . . , 1917 . - 𳿻, 1955, կ 4. . 126; . . . - 1917 . ., 1958, 215.

, , The Attitute of Lenin, The Class Struggle, vol. 1, N 2. New York, 1917.69

.70

. . . (1877 -1918). ., 1956, 528.71

. .

, , 1919, 6, 805.72

, . 1237, on. 1, . 309, . 7.73

, 1919. 6, 805.74

. . . . . ., . 49, 448.75

.

7 ' . .: . ., 1934, 186 - 191.

1

. . . , . ( . ., . 32, 406-407).2

, 407.3

. . . . . ., . 34, 51.4

, 49.

s . . . . , 1921, 108, 111; . . . , 37.*

R. Warth. The Allies and the Russian Revolution. Durham, 1954, p. 139.

7 .*

. . ͳ 1917 . ., 1917. . 51-52.9

- 1917 .

. . ., 1959, 260-261.10

, 1927,. V? 5 (21), 149-150.11

. . . Գ (1914-1917). ., 1960. . 507-508.12

..., . 2. . - ., 1957, 495-498.13

, 1955, 3, 168.14

IJ . . 1525. on. I, . 927, . 1-2.18

, 1955, 3. . 20 - 22, 24.

, ², . 2000, on. 1, . 6123, . 136. , 糠

. . , : (. . . . . ., 469).17

..., . 2, X? 660. 661, 663

(. 549-554). . . ѳ

Գ (1914-1917 ..). ., 1960. . 470-472.18

..., . 2, 551-552.19

², . 2000, on. 1. . 6238, . 139.20

Hearings before the Special Committee investigating the Munitions Industry. Washington, 1936, part. 29. Ex. N 2964.21

..., . 2, 508-50952

, 499. , 1955, 3, 169-170.23

, . , 1917 ., . 53, . 45, 49, 59, 71, 85, 107.24

, . 21-22, 24.25

. . , 1914-1917 .., . 240, . 163-164.26

, . . 1917. . 99, . II. . 626.

'1

..., . 1, ., 1954, 394.2

(³. .) .13 19173

, . , 1917 . ', . 84, . II, . 349, 395; Germany and the Revolution in Russia, 1915-1918. Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Ministry ed. by Z. A. Zeman . London - New York - Toronto, 1958, pp. 67-68.4

. . . . . ., . 30, 340.5

. . . . . ., . 34. . 340.6

. Erzberger. Erlebnisse am Weltkriege. Stuttgart - Berlin, 1920, S. 207.7

, 1918 . , ', , 1 1917 > ͳ. . (D. Francis. From the American Embassy. New York, 1921, pp. 291-292). , , . , . * ( ) , .

ͳ , Գ䳿, . * . (The Russian Provisional Government, 1917. Documents, selected and edited by A. Browder andA.

Kernsky , vol. II, p. 1161). , , -. ' 2

, ' , ' , , , . , 䳿 .

. . . 볿 쳿 1917 . - л, 1960, 4, 135; . . . - 1917 ., 1958, 201-203.

², . 2003, on. 1, . 1211, . 22; . 3 . 1914-1918 .., . 2. ., 1938, 137.

, . 17.B.

. . . . ., . 30. . 340.

. . . . ., . 34, 386.

, , . . , A. F. . ̳ . - 𳿻, 1962, 11, 65, 70.

², . 2003, . 1503, . 10-11.

. 1914-1918 .. (. 2. . 140 - 147).

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. II. Washington, 1931, p. 172. . . .. . 151.

(. . . . 1917 . ( ) - , 1965, 77; . . , . . . . ., 64 - 70; . . . . ., 321-328).

1917 . . . . . , ͳ , .

29 ³ II

. ͳ , , (³ II. . 䳿 . 1878-1918 .. . - ., 1923, 129-132 ; . Johnson. Vatican diplomacy in the world War. Oxford, 1933. p. 31).

m , . , 1917 ., . 35, . 91.

21 BeneS. Souvenirs de Guerre et de Revolution (1914-1918). La lutte pour 1'independance d * s peuples. vol. 1. Paris, 1928, p. 534.

u , . . 1917 ., . 84, . II, . 426.23

. Kohn. Osterreichisch-ungarische Politik der Jahre 1916-1918. Wien, 1936, S. 21; F. Fischer. Griff nach der Weltmacht. Die Kriegszlelpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914/18. Diisseldorf, 1902, S. 497.24

, . , 1917 ., . 77, . 104; . . , . . . . ., 66.25

, . , 1917 ., . 77, . 141; . . . . . . . , 66; ³ ѻ, 1919, 2, 55-56, 67; . . . . ., 1966, 542-543; . . . . ., . 325-326; . . . . ̳ . .-., 1948, 29.*

, . . 1917 ., . 32, . 122.27

*, 16 1917; . . * . . , 325.

, . , 1917 ., . , . II. . 541. . . ' , , , . . . * ( ), . . . . . 1921, 167-169.

IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1793, . 19, 65.

* . . , 1917 ., . 35, . 72. . 27 .11

Journal de Alexandre Ribot et correspondances inedites 1914 - 1922. Paris, 1936, p. 191.51

IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1796, . 51.33

. . . 1917 ., . 84, . II. . 425. * 10 191734

14 (27) . . - *, (, . , 1917 .. . 84, . II, . 478) .36

.34

... *, . I, 394.

1

13 (26) ;26

(8 ) - , , . 23 (4 ) , 26

(7 ) ' 10 (23) . . , 볿, - .

. .2

, . . 12 (25) , : 1) 쳿, 2) ' ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) . 6. , 1917 ., . 71. . II, . 595).3

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V. vol. 2, an

nexes I. Paris. 1936, p. 306.*

Ibid., Annexes 2. Paris, 1937, p. 228-230.5

. . ³ , . 5. ., 1938. . 75.*

, 76.

7 Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V, vol. 2, p. 307.*

.9

..., . 2, . - . 1957, 515; , . , 1917 ., . 71. . . . 498. 682-683; . 99, . I, . 171; . . . . .. 1966. . 300 - 308.10

IJ . . 1358, on. 1, . 1796, . 53 .

" ... , . 2, 470.12

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. Ill, Washington, 1932. p. 202; E. . . ̳ 1917-1922 .. - . . N? 60, . 37.

, Papers Relating ... *. Russia, 1918, vol. Ill, p. 203; E. . . . ., 37.14

, 9 191715

². . 2031. on. I. . 1578, . 237-237 ; J. Noulens. Mon Ambassade en Russie Sovietique. 1917-1919. v. I. Paris, 1933. p. 82; A. E. . - 1917 . ., 1958, 319.

- * : 25 (, . . 1917. . 152, . I, . 452).

| . . . . ., . 320. . , , , ( ͳ, - . .) . (J. Noulens. Op. Cit. V. I, p. 83).14

³ , : Exemng Standard and St James 'Gazette, 7.2.1917.19

..., . I. ., 1954, 369.

* II ' ; ' ; ' ; ; , 糿, , , 21

*, 8 1917; 1917 . . ., 1959, 379.

. . . . 1917 . ., 1965, II; . . 1917 . (). ., 1924. . 60.13

1917 , 371-377.24

, . . : , , , ' , - (. . . . ., 41). . . . 볿 ( , . 10. ., 1956, 63) , , . , , .

. . With the Russian Army, 1914-1917, vol. II. London, 1921, p. 664.

w , 662.27

, 247; . . . ., . 265-267.

** . . ³ , . 5. 65.

. '. . ., 1925. 249.33

, 1927, . 5 (XXIV), 153-154.

* 'D. Francis. From the American Embassy. New York, 1921, p. 150.

* , 1927, . 5 (XXIV), 153-154.33

J. N u 1 n s. Op. cit., v. I, pp. 67-68.54

D. Francis. Op. cit., p. 150.

w H. . , . 5. .. 1922, 161.38

R. Warth. The Allies and the Russian Revolution, Durham, 1954, p. 121.

* ' 15 , (, . , 1917 ., 99 . II, . 596).38

. , 1917 . . .-., 1930, N1.39

Les Armees Francises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V. vol. 2. p 271.40

IJ . . 1358, on. , . 1793, . 83.41

Manchester Guardian, 28. 31.8.1917; The Times, 27-30.8.1917; L. Strakhovsky. American opinion about Russia. 1917-1920. Toronto, 1961, p. 23.42

, ó 21 (3 ) , (, . . 1917 ., . 35, . 462).43

R. W t . Op. cit., . 118.44

, 1927, . 5 (XXIV), 156.45

R. Warth. Op. cit., p. 118.48

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. II, p. 172.

* 'A. n x. Op. cit., vol. II, p. 664.48

, 673-674, 676.44

, . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 108.

Morning post, Gorriere della Sera (, . 418, on. 2, . 175, . 503-503 .; IJ , . 1358, on. I, . 1796, . 48).51

... . 2, 157.52

, . , 1917 ., . 152, . I, . 98.53

, , 19 (2 ), . ,

(, . , 1917 ., . , . II. . 523).54

Papers Relating ... Russia, 1918. vol. I, pp. 135-136. E. . . . ., 32-33.

" Papers Relating ... , Russia , 1918, vol. Ill, p. 187.56

, 192.57

, 197.58

, . . 1917 ., . 61, . 239; P. Tompkins.

American-Russian Relations in the Far East. Uew York, 1949. p. 48.59

(³. .), 7 191740

F. L. Schuman. American policy toward Russia since 1917. New York, 1928, p. 65. P. , , (W. Hard. Raymond Robins own story. New York and London, 1920, pp. 10-II).61

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I, p. 292.82

. '. . ., . 262.

3 . ( , . 683 / , on. 1, . 24. . 56).84

, . . , (. . . 1917 . - 𳿻, 1954, 3 , 71; . . . ҳ . ., 1957, 67). . , , , (. . . ., 1957 , . 298). , ̳ , .65

W. Williams. American-Russian Relations. 1781 - 1947. New York - Toronto-Rinehart, 1952, p. 7.

, 15 191785

. . Op. cit., vol. II. p. 692; W. Hard. Op. cit., p. 51.

J. N u I e n s. Op. cit., v. I, p. 71. , , . , (. Lockhart. Memoirs of a British agent. London - New York, 1932, p. 194).69

D. Francis. Op. cit., p. 157.70

.71

, 157-158.72

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I, p. 178.73

Les Armees Frangaises dans la Grande Guerre, t. V, vol. 2, annexes 2, p. 717-718.74

28 , . e. . . . , , ? . .75

. '. . ., . 265.76

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I, p. 188.77

J. N u 1 e n s. Op. cit., t. I, pp. 71-72.78

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I, pp. 187-188.79

(³. .), 29 191780

J. N u 1 n s. Op. cit., . 71.81

D. F s. Op. cit., p. 188; . '. . ., . 71.

. '. . ., . 266.

w . . . .. . 103.84

D. Francis. Op. cit., pp. 161-162.85

Papers Relating .., Russia, 1918, vol. I. p. 188.88

M. J a n n. Au G. Q. G. Russe. - Le monde slave. N 1-10. Paris, 1927, p. 64.87

G. Buchanan. My mission to Russia and other Diplomatic Me-moires, vol. II. London, 1923, p. 172.

w .: R. W t h. The Allies and the Russian Revolution, Durham, 1954, p. 123.89

(. .), 30 1917 . 2 (15) . . , - , (IJ, . 1358, on. 1, . 1047, . 222). ( , . 223, 226).

1

. . . . . ., . 34, 258-259.2

, 29 19173

. . . . ., 1965, 230.4

. . . ϳ . .. 1957. . 196. , . , . .5

. . . ϳ- ( 1917- 1918 .). , 1958, 128.6

. . . , - 볿 񳿻, .-.. 1962, 268-269.7

, . 716, . 2. . 129. . 144; . . . . - *. . 56, 280; . . . . .. 1959, 373.*

. . . . .. . 373.9

. 28 191710

W. Hard. Raymond Robins 'own story. New York and London, 1920. p. 115.11

. . ³ . .-.. 1925, 111.

. 17

, . Գ Գ *. (. . 716, . 2, . 129, . 57).

. 8- 쳿 . . 6 (19) ( ). . 28 , ϳ , , 4-6 Գ䳿. - . , , , ϳ , 䳿 Գ (. . 418, . 2. . 164 , . 269).

ij, , Գ䳿 - . . , - . 16 (29) . ³- , . Գ䳿 ( , , , ). , ' , Գ䳿 , . , -, 䳿 , . (Germany and the Revolution in Russia, 1915-1918. Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Ministry ed. By ZA Zeman. London - New York - Toronto, 1958, pp. 70-71).

- . , , ( , 71).

ij .12

. . . ., . 111; .. 1914-1918 , . II. .. 1923, 86.13

. . . . ., 1957, 38.14

. 1920. 10-11, 37.15

. . . - . (- 1917 .). ., 1966. . 331-332.

? , . 418. . 2, . 174. . 35. 88. 107; . .. . ., . 333.17

. . 1917 ( . .). ʲϲ-. ., 1060, 120.18

². . 2000, on. 1, . 6106. . 22.19

. . ³ , 1917 ., . 881, . 17 .20

. . . 1917. . 71, . II, . 83831

. . 1236, on. 1, . 22, . 68.22

, 0 1917

. . . . ., . 336-337; . . -

. . . . ̳

, - 𳿻, 1962, 11, 73; . '. . ., 1925, 273-274.24

. . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 201 . Corriere della Sera *. Giornalc d'ltalia. Morning Post. . ³, Daily Chronicle Daily Telegraph, , .

Associated Press, Temps , ( , . 201 ., 203- .. 210 .).28

, . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 279 .26

. . . .. . 269.27

, 269. 271.

2 * (³. .), 15 191729

. '. . ., . 271.30

.31

. . . . ., . 128.32

. . 128-129.33

³ *. 17 (30) 191734

. BeneS. Souvenirs de Guerre et de Revolution (1914-1918), La lutte pour l'independance des peuples, vol. I. Paris, 1928, p. 359.35

..., . 2, 525.

², . 2000. on. 1, . 6127, . 42.37

Papers Relating ..., 1917, suppl. , vol. I. Washington. 1931, p. 732. , . . .

. . , . 520, . 543, . 171. 볿 ( . . 177).39

V. matey. The United States and East Central Europe 1914 - 1918. A study in Wilsonian diplomacy and propaganda. Princeton, 1957, p. 128.40

.41

.42

², . 2003, on. 1, . 1246, .

33-34.43

, . 35 .41

Papers Relating ..., Russia *. 1918, vol. Ill, p. 203.45

, 205.46

. . 199, 202.47

, 1918, 12, 39.48

..., . 2, 515.49

. . . 1917-1918 pp. , 1957. . 122-123.

> ², . 2000, on. , . 6127, . 55 .51

..., . 2, 269.52

.63

², . 366. . 2. . 14, . 22-23. , ,  . , , . , , d .64

..., . 2. . 557-558.55

, . , 1917, . 925. . II. . 8.

. . . - - , 1957, . 1, 240.57

*. . - ., 1957, 353.

. . . . - , . 56, 281.59

쳿 1917 .. .-., 1925, 135.

* 䳻. . ., 1957, 73-74.1

. -

406; . . . 1917 V. ., 1957, 87.63

, 7 191764

. . . . ., . 189-190.65

, 197.

. . . 1917 ( . ij). ., 1958, 12; . . . . .. . 193.67

. . . - ³ . ., 1958, 157-158. 27 , , , . ³ , ; ; . , (, . -95, on. 1, . 24, . 35-35 .).69

.69

, 371.70

. . . ., 158.71

.72

, . , 1917 ., . 662, . 115.73

. . . .. . 273.74

. 15 191775

. . . . .. 1958, 114.76

. . . . , 17.

1

3. -. ͳ . ( 1914- 1918). ., 1957, 657.2

, 21 19173

, 6 19174

W. Pieck. Reden und Aufsatze, . I. Berlin, 1951, S. 557.5

. . e h h. . . .. . 35, 61.

e Die Auswirkungen der GroBen Socialistischen Oktoberrevolution auf Deutschland, hrsg. von prof. Dr. Leo Stern. Archivalische Forschun-

geri zur Geschichte der Deutschen Arbciterbewegung, Bd. 4/11. Bef-

lin, 1959, S. 183-484. 609 etc.; . . .

ͳ . - ͳ . . 1962, 325-326.7

. . . . ., 325-326; . . . - ͳ ( 1914- 1918 .). ., 1960.

. 227.*

. 19 19179

. .. . . . ., . 35, 60.10

.

. ., 1933, 178-179.12

. . . ͳ. ., 1962, 77, 82.13

, . . ., 1959, 271.14

. , 10 191718

3. . . - . ( . ij.). ., 1952. . 199.

1 , . ³ , 1917 ., . 130, . 23 .17

, . 17.18

, 17 191719

. . . - . .. 1963, 203-204.

w 򳿻. . ., 1960. . 146.21

. . . . , 1962, 311.

Economic and Social History of the World War. Turkish Series. A. Emir. Turkey on the World War. New Haven, 1930, p. 263.

, 3 . . ʳ. 쳿. - 볿. . ., 1959, 305.

- , 364-366.

. . 369.26

*. .-.. 1954, 27, . 16.27

. . . 볿 . ., 1961, 321.28

, 322; Times, 28.9; 2.10.1917.29

. . . . .. . 322.10

Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons , 1917, vol. 93, pp. 2026-2028.31

, 21 1917

. . . ., 1957, 295.33

. . , . I. 1914-1918 .. ., 1936. . 221.34

. . . 1917-1920 .. ., 1959. . 57.35

Journal de Alexandre Ribot et correspondances ineditcs, 1914 - 1922. Paris, 1936. p. 241.35

. . . 䳿. - , 18 191737

- . -, , . . . . - . . - .

- () . , .38

䳿 1917 . - . 峳 , . . , . , . 糿 . 7 (20) . , 䳿, 볿 䳿. 䳿 (Parliamentary Debates House of Commons. 1917, vol 90. Col. 1534). - 䳿.

糿 . - . 糿 ' .39

³ , . , -, Գ, ̳, , ., ѳ, -, ϳ . . . , . . ' , . ' , , ' , . ' (. . . . 1865-1918. .. 1960, 547-548; Revolutionary Radicalism. Its History. Purpose and Tactics , vol. I. Albany, 1920, p. 1072).

, , . , , , . [. . - . -' 1914-1918 .. ( . ij.). ., 1954. . 150].40

. . . . . ., . 37, 110.41

. . . . . ., . 34. . 275.42

, 277.43

. . 279.44

. . . . . .. . 37, 109.45

. 糠

, . IV. ., 1961. . 180-181; 񳿻. . . I. ̳, 1957, 754; 1917 .. . ., 1961, 443,

569; , 17 1917; ³

. 13 1917; , . 29, on. 1, . 200. . 76 .; X. . . 쳿 1917 . !, 1958, 121.44

, 28 191747

, 10 191748

.43

³ , 17 191780

1917 .. . ., 1961 51

Dokumcnte und Materialen zur Geschichte der deutschen Arbeiter-bewegung, Bd. I. Berlin, 1958, S. 633; . . . . ., 336.52

. . . . .. . 365.53

. . 366.54

The Call, 4 1917; . . . . ., . 279.55

. . . -, - 糿 , 1963, 5, 90.58

. . Gankin and . Fisher. The Bolsheviks and the World War The origin of the Third International. London, 1940, pp. 666 - 667; H. E. . . . ' ( - 1917 ). - ѻ,1960,

2, 151.

67 , 1919, 6, 807.88

. . Gankin and . Fisher. Op. cit., 684.60

. . ˳ - . ., 1959, 515.60

. . - ., 1934, 14 (. 3).81

.

2 , 27 (. 16).63

, . . 1917. . 84. . II, . 481.64

F. Fischer. Griff nach der Weltmacht. Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen. Deutschland 1914/18 Diisseldorf, 1962, p. 538.65

. . r r e p . . ., . 623.

w -, ó, ̳ 12 (. 3. . . . ., 641-642; Die Ursachen der deutschen Zusammenbruches im Jahre 1918. Deutschland. Untersuchung-sausschuss der verfassunggebenden Deutschen National Vcrsamm-lung und des Deutschen Reichstages. Das Werk de? Untersuchung-sausschusscs der Deutschen verfassunggebenden national Versamm-lung und des Deutschen Reichstages. Reihe 4. Bd. II. Berlin, 1925,

S. 102-106).67

. . , . 11. ., 1939, 127.68

. . ʳ. . ., 404. 408.

. . . . ., 1959.

. 379.70

II. . . . ., 1946. . 59; . . . . ., 1966, 463-475.71

, 21 191772

. . . . ., . 383; B.C. . . .. . 480-482.

'1

. . . . . .. . 34, 232-233.2

. . 241.3

. . 385.4

, 272, 275, 340, 393, 395.6

. . 382.6

. . 226, 281.7

. . . . . ., . 49, 448.*

. . . . . ' (- 1917 ). - ѻ, 1960. 2, 150.9

. . . . . ., . 34, 376-377.10

. . 395. (), 1917- 1918 ." ., 1958. . 91.11

. . . . . ., . 34, 148.12

. . 226. 246.13

, 226.14

, 245.

" , 264.10

, 348.17

, 389.18

.19

. 17 191720

. . . . . ., . 31, 389.21

. . , . 7. ., 1922,

. 154.22

. . . . . .. . 34, 347-348.23

() ..., 90.24

1917 . () 1917 . . . . . - ., 1927, 99.25

. : . . . . . ., . 34, 106.26

, 407.27

.28

. . ͳ. ̳ . - , . XVII. ., 1957, 132.29

. . Carr. The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917-1923, vol. III. London, 1953, p. 9.30

. . e h . . . .. . 34, 374.31

. . . . . ., . 35. . 60-61.32

. . . . . ., . 37, 303.53

, 303-304.34

, 304.35

. . . . . ., . 34, 393, 395, 405.

, 411.37

. . 233. . , , ' , ... ( ).38

, 24 1917 . . , . 1. ѳ, 1957, 17-48; 1917 . . . .,1961,

. 399; (), 25 1917

. 4 191740

. , . IV. ., 1961, 161.41

. . ʳ, 1957, 190-191.42

䳻. . ., 1957, 107. , 30 191743

, 4 191744

1917 . , 566.45

. , . IV, 181 - 182.46

, 182.47

, 248.48

, 573.49

, ( .), 5 , ( 1917 . , 147). , Ƴ- , ( , 153), ' ' , , , , , . . ( , 147).30

(), 55.51

, 30 191752

. . . . . ., . 34, 340.53

1917 ., 301.54

. . 298.55

. . . . . ., . 34, 495; () ( - 1917 .). , . 1. ., 1957,

. . ., 1957, 349-351.

57 , - , - . , - , . , 볿, , 볿 , ͳ , , . ' , ... ' ( 1917 . , 109).38

, 124.59

⳿. . , 1957, 239-241.60

(), 85-86.61

. . . . , 1960, 189.62

. . . . . ., . 34, 317-348.** , . 1000, . 73, . 33, . 2; , 10,II

1917; (). 14 191761

. ., 1962, 139.5

, 13 191766

. , . IV, 334-335.67

, 26 191768

. 22 191769

. . . . . ., . 34. . 243.70

䳻. , 112.71

. . . . . ., . 34, 247.72

³- . , . I. ., 1966, 40 -41.73

. . . ( ϳ, ϳ- ) ( . .). ., 1955, 15.74

, . , , - . , . . 1917 ., (., 1957), , .

, . . : (., 1957), . . - ³- (, 1955) , . . , > , , ( . - . .) . , . , , , , () , .

.

75

(). 1917 -77

, 20 191778

*. 19 191779

䳻. , 930.80

; , 10 191781

³- , . I, 40.82

.83

. . . 쳿 ( - 1917 .) ( . ij.). ., 1957, 150.84

, 25 191785

³- , 213.86

*. . ., 1956, 23.

1

, ., 1962,

. 243; . . . ., 1957, 40.2

. . . . . ., . 34, 413.3

. . . . ., 1957, 499.4

. . . . ., 1923, '60.5

. . . , ., 1959, 377.6

. . . , 1917 . - 1918 . 1958, 85; . . ʳ. . . 1957, 133-134.7

' - , . . , ' , , , , . , , .8

- , 22 1917

9. . . ., 1962, 68.10

. . . ϳ . ., 1957, 205.11

. .: , 7 191712

D. Francis. From the American Embassy. New York 1921, p. 178.13

. , . IV. ., 1961, 500.14

.15

, 19 1917

| *. . .-., 1927, 53. 139.17

. . 52; , 25 191718

, 53.19

W. Hard. Raymond Robins 'own Story. New York and London, 1920, p. 31; , 25 1917; *, 12 191720

W. Hard. Op. cit., p. 16; L. G. Strakhovsky. American opinion about Russia, 1917-1920. Toronto, 1961, p. 26.21

D. F r a n s. Op. cit., pp. 161-162.22

, 142.23

W. Williams. American-Russian Relations, 1781 - 1947. New York - Toronto - Rinehart, 1952, p. 103.24

W.Hard. Op. cit., pp. 26-27.25

- . . ., 1956, 215.*

, 1922, 10, 90. , dz' . , . III, . 1. ., 1967, 308-310, 321.

27'. . . . . ., . 34, 281.29

, . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 271.25

, 15 1917; , 15 191730

. . . , 376.31

.: . '. , 275.32

. . 278.33

J. Noulens. Mon Ambassade en Russie Sovietique, 1917-1919, v. I. Paris, 1933, p. 335.34

D. F r a n s. Op. cit., p. 178.35

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I. Washington, 1931, p. 182.36

, , , (Papers Relating .... Russia, 1918. Vol. I, p. 182; . . . ҳ . ., 1957, 75).

13 , . , . (D. Francis. Op. cit., p. 169). ³, , , . . , , ./

, . , 1917 ., . 61, . 511. /38

Papers Relating ..., 1917, suppl. 2, vol. 1, p/285.39

Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. , p. 1-2.40

Papers Relating ..., Russia, H918. vol. /, p. 221.41

ϳ (², . 2031, on. 1, . 1578, / . 268). ϳ, ϳ- 23 23 ( , 278). 13 1- 쳿 ( , . 284 - 285). 21 ͳ, , . ϳ

( . . 272, 275, 277, 281). ͳ ϳ , ( , . 274).42

. . , . . . ̳ . - 𳿻. 1962. J * II, 70.43

. ͳ 1917 . .. 1937, 168.44

. . 95. on. 1, . 63. . 16. . . . 1917 ( . ij.). ʲϲ-. ., 1960, 121.45

, , , - . , , . . . , , ( 13 , ),, . , . 1- , 21 , , Գ䳿 (. . 418, . 2, . 140, . 261-269). , , , ,

, (. . 418, . 2, . 135. . 371).46

, . 418, . 2, . 171, . 95.47

, . 119, 127 .

4 * ². . 2067, on. 1, . 2674. . 367.49

. . 418, . 2. . 171, . 118, 126, 127 . ³ , 11 191730

, . 118.51

, . 418. . 2. . 140, . 178.52

F. Fischer. Grift nach der Weltmacht Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914/18. Diisseldorf, 1962. S. 599.53

, 272.54

, 605.55 F. Fischer. Grift nach der Weltmacht, S. 605.56

, crp. 636.57

- . * . - ͳ *. 25 30 1957 .. 1960. . 392-393. ͳ : 3. -. * ͳ. ( 1914 - 1917 .). ..1957,

. 622-630.54

. . . . . .. . 34, 404.59

. . . ϳ , 196.60

, 197-198.61

. . 198.62

.: . . . - ., 1957, 247-248.83

( . . ), - , 1927, . 6 (XXV), 40-41. - . , , , , , , . ³ , . , , , 500 . . . , -, 1- . . . , 1- - , -, , , , . . Ҳ . . . , -, ̳ 糿, , , , , .... , .

w ³, . . ϳ . . ( . 192 /, . 6. (XXV), 35).65

, 13 191766

..., . 2, 291.67

, 222-223.

, . . . . . ., . 34, 404.69

, . -29, . 1, . 200, . 72.70

.71

, . , 1917 ., . 627/648, . 21. . , , , .72

, . , 1917 ., . 84, . II, . 475.73

(³.

.), 18 1917 /74

, 쳿. ϳ 볿, ; 볿, . . , BCCTtf , 볿 (. . , 1917 ., . 71, . ; . , . 529, . ^ 400). . , , , (. . ³ . 1917 ., . 552. . 201, ., 224; The New

East , vol. I, N 6. November, 1917, p. 84).75

², . 2003. on. I. . 1503, . 63.78

.77

, . , 1917 . . 55, . 604; , . . 1917. . 152, . I, . 167.78

, . . 1917. . 152. . I. . 167.79

, . , 1917 ., . 925, . II, . 81.80

², . 2000, on. 1, . 6127, . 42; ..., . 2. . 529-530.81

², . 2000, on. 1, . 6239, . 278.82

. , 볿 42

. . 2 .

(IJ . . 1525. On. 1. . 514. . 30).83

. . . - 1917 . ., 1958, 311; ..., . 2, 528.84

. '. . ., . 274; , . , 1917 .. . 71. . II. . 945.85

. .: . . . . - . 15 191786

. . - -, 1927, 5, 75.87

, . ³ , 1917 ., . 552, . 287.88

. . . 1917. . 152. . I, . 127-128.89

L. G. Strakhovsky. Op. cit., p. 23. , (Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. I, p. 218). , . .90

.91

³ , 12 1917

w ij 17 : ϳ- [) 䳿 ... (². . 2003. on. 1, . 1503, . 62).

, . 418. on. 1. . 258, . 17.94

. . , . 6. ., 1922, 277.* S A. Knox. With the Russian Army, vol. (I London, 1921, p. 685 - 686, 691.96

, 691.97

. .: . . . . ., 1959, 368.98

Bolshevik propaganda. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary . United States Senate. 65-th Congress 3-rd Session and thereafter pursuant to Senate resolution 439 and 469 from February 11, 1919 to March 10, 1919. Washington, 1919, pp. 779-781.99

D. F r a n s. Op. cit., p. 157.100

B. Shelton. President Wilson and the Russian Revolution, vol. 23, N 3, March 1957. Buffalo, p. 114.101

D. F r a n s. Op. cit., p. 179.102

- , 142.103

, 143.104

.105

.

10 Bolshevik propaganda. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary . United States Senate. 65-th Congress 3-rd Session and thereafter pursuant to Senate resolution 439 and 469 from February II, 1919 to March 10, 1919, p. 801.107

B. Shelton. Op. cit., p. 113.

10e , . , 1914-1917 .., . 240, . 168.109

IJ , . 1358, on. 1, . 1798, . 16.110

. . ̳ , , . II. ., 1926, 86-87.111

Papers Relating ... The Lansing Papers, 1914-1920, vol. II. Washington, 1940, p. 433.

1,2 . . . ., 1942, 101 - 102.113

.: . . . 1917 . ( - ). - 𳿻, 1952, X? 9.1,4

, . , 1917 ., . 925, . II. . 66.

us Papers Relating ..., The Lansing Papers, 1914-1920 vol. II, pp. 443; Papers Relating ..., Russia, 1918, vol. Ill, Washington, 1932, p. 1-2. E. . . . ., 69, 73; . . . . . ̳ . - 𳿻, 1962, 11, 72; . . . - 1917 ., ..1958,

. 328-329.

, 1 J. Noulens. Op. cit., t. I. p. 65.117

.118

. . e , A. E. . . ., 71. . . . , ( 24 ) , Գ䳿, . . , *(. . . . ., 1959, 136). .1,9

J. Noulens. Op. cit., t. I, p. 65.120

Gazette de Lausanne *. 25 1917 r.111

The New East, vol I, 6, November 1917, pp. 86-88.122

, 1927 ., . 5 (XXIV), 109. 148.123

, . . 1917 ., . 100, . 422.124

, . , 1917 ., . 93, . 218; . . , . . . . ., 72.125

³ , -13 1917

12 ², . 2003, on. I, . 1503, . 62.127

() ( - 1917 .). , . I. ., 1957, 60-61.128

: ó, . 1292. on. 1, . 326. . 5-12; - , . II. . ., 1927. . 112-114, 138-216, 260-263; , 17, 20 1917; , 21 1917; ... .-., 1957, . 1, 459, 493 -494, 504,

602. 603, 606; ϳ 볻. . , 1957, 149-151; , 1895-1917 .. . , 1956, 346, 356; . . - . 1917 ., ., 1964, 317-320; . . . ( 917- 1918 ..) ( . ij.). , 1959, 7; . . - . - . ., 1960, 125-142, 192-195; . . . ( 1917 - 1918 .). 1957, 40; . . . ( 1917- 1918 .) ( . ij.). , 1958, 15-16; 1917 . , 3-5 1962 . . ., 1964, 308 - 316, 330; . . . . , 1958, 88-91.129

. . . ̳ , 3-5 1962 . . ( 1917 ., 352).110

. . , . 6. . 64.131

쳿 1917 .. .-., 1925, 142; Ѳ ..., . 2, 290; -+ . , . IV, 419, 424. 447, 457. 461. 556.132

, 2 1917133

. .. 1962, 157-158.

, 3 '. . . . - , . 56, 281.

155 . 1917 . . ., 1948, 214.

(). 1917 - 1918 . "., 1958. . 119-121.

137 . , . IV, 547-548.

, John Reed. Red Russia Bow, Work or s * Socialist Federation, 1919, p. 7.

139 W. H a d. Op. cit., p. 40.

, W . . 캺. ' . . .. 1957, 16.141

³ 㳺 . ³ 㳺 л. ., 1924, 30.142

. . . - . - л, 1957, 5; . . . - , 1961, 4; . ̳. ( - ). - . ( (). Գ - - ()]. ., 1941, 3.143

, . 418. . 2. . 183. . 289 .

1

. . . . . ., . 44, 417.2

, 25 19673

. . . . . .. . 37, 30.

= =
, "̲"


  1. l Ͳ ϲ
    l Ͳ ϲ
  2. ,
    ? ? ? ? N 162- ( . ³? ; 2004. N 50.????? 11.03.2004 . N 12-)? 12 ? ? ?????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????? ? 98? . 118? ³ 08.12.2003 .? 2003. N 252.
  3. 1
    ̳ 1993-1995 .. 2 ( 2005 .!) , , - 600 200 . , ,
  4. Բֲ ί
    , , 4 - 6 6 - 8 3 - 4 3-4,5 5 -7 2,5-3 ' 3-4 4-5 2-3
  5. . Գ ;. ( 4- ), 3, 1972

  6. ղͲ
    , . : ' . . - ' . . - . ,

  7. . - 97. 7 , , . -
  8. 1.1.
    4 , , . : 3 , 12 .,
  9. I.
    1.1. , , , :, N ( - ), , ' , , .
  10. I.
    1.1. , , , :, N ( - ), . . . (
  11. 1
    : Pierre Bourdieu. L'architecte de l 'euro passe aux aveux / / Le monde diplomatique. 1997. Septembre. P. 19. 2 Nils Christie. Civility and State ( ). 3 Nils Christie. Crime Control as Industry: towards Gulag, Western Style? London: Routledge, 1993. P. 86-87. . 4 : Thorsten Sellin. Pioneering
  12. ̲ в4
    ( ) - . . ³
  13. 11.
    11.1. , . . 500, : 11.1. , . 11.2. ,
  14. III. 䳿 .
    . . , . , . - , (
  15. III. 䳿 . .
    (, ) ( ). . , ' . , ' . "" 20 . "" 20 . .
  16. 3.
    , , 10 25 . , (, ), , .

  17. , , - , ., , , ; -, , ; , , , - .
© 2014-2021  ibib.ltd.ua